A sleep disorder is a condition where a person cannot get a good night’s rest causing that person to be overly tired and sometimes having difficulty functioning during the day. Twenty-five percent of the U.S. population has trouble sleeping. There are many different kinds of sleep disorders but the most common are insomnia, narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and restless leg syndrome.
Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder. People with this disorder may have a hard to falling asleep or staying asleep. Some of the symptoms include waking up several times a night and having a hard time falling back asleep, sleeping, but not getting any rest, waking up early in the mornings, or being overly tired during the day. Sometimes insomnia can last for a short period of time, other times it can last for weeks or even months common sleep disorders.
Narcolepsy is more common than you may think, but it can be one of the most dangerous sleep disorders. There is no known cure for this disorder, but treatment can be given to control certain symptoms. Symptoms of narcolepsy include extreme tiredness several times a day followed by a strong desire to sleep. Some people even fall asleep while in the middle of something because they cannot control falling asleep. Usually people will wake up feeling refreshed if this happens. Sometimes narcolepsy can cause sleep paralysis, which makes the person unable to move upon awakening because of a loss of muscle control.
Sleep apnea can be dangerous too, as this is when the person will stop breathing while they are asleep. People suffering from this disorder may stop breathing up to a hundred times a night, causing the person to gasp or snort while sleeping to try to catch a breath. There are two causes for this disorder. The most common one is where the airway becomes blocked, usually because soft tissue inside the throat has collapsed and will not let air through. The less common cause is when the brain forgets to tell your muscles to breathe.
Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless leg syndrome is a sleep disorder that causes a person’s legs to tingle or have painful sensations. These pains are brought on when a person lies down or sits down for long periods of time. Restless leg syndrome usually happens in the evening, making a person want to walk around or shake their legs to get rid of the tingling sensations.
Be sure to talk to your doctor if you believe you may have a sleep disorder. Without treatment, sleep disorders can be very harmful. Getting a good night’s sleep will help you enjoy happier and more energetic days.